Issues Stemming from Poor Planting/Aftercare
Unfortunately, often too many times trees are miscared for after they are planted. Ties that are used to attach the newly planted tree to the tree stake to stabilize them are left on and girdle trees. Trees are planted too high or shallow. Burlap sacks and wire cages are left around the root ball while planted. Layers upon layers of mulch are mounded up around tree trunks. These types of practices will always lead to further problems down the road.
Stabilizing small trees after planting to withstand wind or correct growing habits is a common practice. However, the bands or wires used to attach tree trunks to stakes need to be removed once the tree’s roots have taken hold. Otherwise, trees will grow into the band and girdle themselves.
Burlap sacks and root ball cages need to either be completely removed when planting, or pulled away from the top 2/3 of the root ball so that roots can grow laterally, unrestricted. When these are left intact, roots will grow in a circular pattern around the trunk and cause root girdling. Also, sometimes trees are planted too deep in nurseries and the top layer of soil around the base of the trunk needs to be removed to expose the root flare of the tree.
Everyone likes to use mulch around the base of their trees as it increases the aesthetics of the landscape and actually provides benefits to the root zone of trees. However, NEVER pile up mulch around the base of the tree. This increases moisture around the base of the trunk which provides a suitable environment for decaying pathogens. Also, some soil dwelling rodents will chew on the trunk while protected under the mulch. Only place, at most, a couple inches of mulch thickness around the tree leaving a couple inches around the base of the trunk. Remove old mulch before adding newer mulch to avoid mulch accumulating around the tree.